Protected Areas

Grenada is considered to have special land management challenges in its attempts to adopt PA management as a key instrument for conservation and management of biodiversity and ecosystems functions. Key issues for public policy and practice of a PA approach to conservation and management of BD and ecosystems functions relate to and stem from Grenada’s current land tenure and land ownership.

Protected Areas (PA) in Grenada

Records show that 85% of the terrestrial land in Grenada is privately owned rather than owned by a small dominant set of land barons or by Government.

This means that much less than 15% of the terrestrial lands are expected to be under the direct ‘command and control’ of Government for programmatic management.

Marine Protected Areas

Fusce porttitor, nulla luctus et magnis dis parturient montes, nascetur ridiculus mus.


Terrestrial Protected Areas

Donec odio condimentum nunc. Phasellus lacinia id, ullamcorper risus.


The IUCN engages in advocating for the expansion of the MPA network through reliable science and by engaging with local stakeholders The IUCN highlighted that an effective MPA system is needed to ensure that the oceans recuperate, continue to store carbon dioxide, that fish stocks recover and that coastlines are protected from harsh climatic conditions. It is no longer a technical question but a matter of survival for the planet and humankind.


The Government of Grenada has committed to a national target of PA coverage of 25% of nearshore and 25% of terrestrial territory by the year 2020 as part of the Caribbean Challenge. To date, 10 terrestrial protected areas have been established in Grenada that together protect high elevation forest environments, critical habitat for the endangered Grenada dove, and Amerindian cultural resources; these existing PA sites account for approximately 6% of the terrestrial environment of Grenada. In addition, a number of other PA sites are in various stages of planning/approval. In the coastal/marine environment, 3 MPAs have been legally established in Grenada, encompassing approximately 4% of nearshore coastal resources (defined as territorial waters out to 12 miles) and protecting coral reefs, mangroves, beaches and recreation and tourism areas.

Protecting Grenada from

Ridge to Reef